Water Recharge Definition

Groundwater recharge or deep drainage or deep percolation is a hydrologic process where water moves downward from surface water to groundwater. Recharge is the primary method how water enters an aquifer. This process usually occurs in the vadose zone below plant roots and is often expressed as a flux to the water table surface. Recharge occurs both naturally through the water cycle and through artificial groundwater recharge (anthropogenic processes) where rainwater and or reclaimed water is routed to the subsurface.

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